Assessment and ManagementGirls Soccer

Those directly involved in playing sports – athletes, parents, and coaches, should be relegated to RECOGNIZE the signs and symptoms of a concussion head injury, while those responsible for the decision for return to play and managing concussed athletes should be left to appropriate licensed healthcare professionals with formal training and experience in managing sports concussions where doing so falls within their scope of practice and state licensure.

No athlete under the age of 19 should be allowed to return to play while presenting with any SYMPTOMS of a potential head injury (McCrory, 2008).

A comprehensive assessment and subsequent diagnosis of head injury is relegated to medical and allied healthcare professionals with advanced formal training in managing concussions with a thorough undertanding of:

  • Brain (neural) function, particularly cognitive function
  • Protocols for acute and post-injury assessments
  • Utilization of neurocognitive assessment and interpretation of scores
  • Appropriate Medical Referral guidelines
  • Neuro-Imaging role in assessing concussion injury
  • Treatment and Care regimens, both acutely and during post-injury recovery 
  • Protocol for step-wise progression for returning to the classroom, and return to play
  • Concussion epidemiology and injury prevention interventions
 
Central Nervous System Functions
  • Consciousness/Alertness
  • Sensory: Vision, Hearing, Smell, Tactile sensation
  • Motor: Voluntary Movement
  • Cerebellar-Vestibular: Coordination/Balance
  • Cognition
  • Emotional State
 
Cognitive Function
  • Memory
    • Short-term memory centers
  • Orientation
  • Concentration
  • Reaction Time
  • Attention Span- Impulse Control
  • Processing Speed

 

Neuro-Imaging: Computer Tomography (CT) & standard Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

  • instruments that study brain structure, identifying pathologic changes
  • Imaging studies are helpful in assessing intracranial bleeding which is typically associated with only the most severe form of head injuries, i.e. subdural, epidural hematomes, skull fracures.
  • Imaging is indicated acutely where unconsciousness, crescendo headaches, or repeated vomitting is noted. 

 

 

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